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Importance of Sex Education in Schools


Sex education is one of the most controversial topics over which a lot of debates are happening to this day. Moreover, people frown upon the idea of introducing sex education in schools, as they tend to think it encourages students to indulge in sexual activities. The question of: is sex education necessary in schools why it is needed in the current environment is always debatable. However, the facts are different as many studies have shown that sex education in schools would help students to lead healthier lives. In spite of various questions arising around sex education, there are no doubts that  sex education in schools it will help young people gain a better understanding of themselves and their bodies. Now, let’s look at the importance of sex education in schools and assess is sex education necessary in schools why it should be made an important part of the school curriculum.

What is Sex Education?

Sex education teaches students about sex and sexuality and gives awareness to students regarding maintaining their sexual health. Sex education in schools can help students to break all the taboos revolving around sex and sexuality. The importance of sex education is that It allows students to make informed decisions. Comprehensive sex education covers topics like human development, reproductive health, understanding of gender, sexual behavior and safety, etc. Sex education in schools will also allow the students to remain more informed and aware about their health.

Benefits of Sex Education in Schools

Breaking the Taboos

One of the best answers to the question is sex education necessary in schools why it helps students is because of the fact that There are several taboos or stigmas associated with sexuality and sex. Therefore, it is critical to eliminate these taboos in order to support young people in leading healthy lifestyles. For instance, menstruation is stigmatized in some cultures, and many myths about it are handed down to younger generations. These beliefs may have a negative impact on their academic performance and mental health. Sex education can debunk these myths, inform pupils of the facts, and eliminate stereotypes as a result. Thus, the importance of sex education is that it allows students to become more informed.

Ensuring the Safety

Sex education ensures the safety of students as it raises awareness about how can they keep themselves safe from sexually transmitted diseases, sexual exploitation, sexual abuse or any kinds of such dangers etc. Sex education in schools makes the students equipped to keep themselves safe from falling prey to any kind of sexual exploitation. Moreover, because of technological advancements, younger people are more vulnerable and are exposed to a variety of threats and dangers. With the implementation of sex education in schools, students will be empowered to deal with any challenges and will be able to combat them. Hence, the importance of sex education in schools is associated with safeguarding the children against the evils of technology in today’s world.

Imparting Reliable Information

One of the best answers to the question is sex education necessary in schools why it is needed is the need for correct information. In a technologically advanced world like ours, students can access any kind of information from the internet. However, it is not necessary that the information that they stumble upon on the internet would be reliable or accurate. The misinformation they receive can lead them to make the wrong decisions in their lives. With the introduction of sex education in schools, they will be able to acquire knowledge from the experts and they would be able to incorporate the guidelines provided by the experts into their lives. The importance of sex education is that it will allow the students to be able to differentiate between correct and fake news.

Eradicating Gender Discrimination

Due to societal influence, young students tend to develop prejudiced mindsets towards people belonging to a particular gender. Another important answer to the question is sex education necessary in schools why it helps students is to understand the facets of gender discrimination better. At a time, when gender discrimination is still a problem globally, the importance of sex education is that it will help educate the masses about the misconceptions they may have regarding the subject. Sex education would empower students to stand up for gender equality and follows a lifestyle that fosters gender equality in our society. It also helps students to understand the right over their body and important lessons like the importance of consent in a sexual relationship and a lot more. Sex education would assist in educating students about the LGBTQIA+ community and the discrimination faced by them. It teaches them to treat everyone equally with respect regardless of their gender.

Challenges of sex education in schools of India

Sex education is considered taboo in our country. Many states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh have refused to provide sex education in schools. It is the mentality of many people of India that sex education can promote children to indulge in sexual activities and is against their cultural beleives. Sexual education in India faces various challenges or barriers. Challenges like conservative attitude, lack of awareness, limited access to resources, illiteracy, etc are the most common ones. It is believed by many people that providing sex education can promote immorality in children. Sex education in schools is not provided adequately due to the limited curriculum and resources. Teachers are unable to provide sex education to students due to the lack of resources and materials. Language barrier is yet another challenge standing in the way of sex education in India. Absence of vocabulary in regional languages for discussing concepts. Sex education is a very important topic which should be taught to children and the government of India should take appropriate actions for the same. 

Suggested Read - How to Promote Gender Equality in Schools

Role of Sex Education in Schools

Schools can play a significant role in imparting knowledge regarding sex, sexuality, and sexual wellness to students. This can help students to be mindful and keep themselves away from dangers and also to maintain their mental health as well. This aids in building an inclusive environment in schools and foster a positive culture in school. In order to adequately prepare children for healthy and consensual relationships, they must learn about sexuality and safer sex behaviors before becoming sexually active. Age-appropriate comprehensive sex education would enable students to be responsible and take care of themselves in terms of physical and mental health.

Furthermore, with the easy availability of technology and information on the internet, it becomes very easy for the youth of today to develop negative perceptions about sex. This has a lot of negative repercussions for the future and as a result needs to be immediately corrected.It is because of this reason that it is of extreme importance that schools and the education sector in general take the necessary steps required to start educating students on this subject. Education will lead to the creation of awareness and allow the students to be able to distinguish between correct and incorrect when coming across the topic of sex. sex education will also allow the students to become more aware of their surroundings and safeguard themselves.

Moreover, because of teenage pregnancy or sexually transmitted diseases, students may drop out of school. Hence, to prevent dropouts and to improve the performance of the students, sex education ought to be integrated into the school curriculum. Also, in many cultures, sex education is considered taboo, therefore young children are not aware of puberty and the bodily changes associated with it. Through sex education, students will be acquainted with these changes and will be able to deal with them on their own when the time comes.

Sex education helps to establish a strong relationship between the school and the students or the teachers and the students. This allows them to rely on their educators or teachers when some problems arise. They will feel confident that schools can help them resolve their issues. In this way, sex education helps to build a positive relationship between the school and its students. This fosters a healthy environment in schools.


Children who make better judgments about themselves, their bodies, and their interactions with others at home or elsewhere in life will be more likely to develop into healthy adults who can handle any situation that arises. In order for young people to make informed decisions, they need accurate information from an adult they can trust and teachers can ensure that they provide accurate information to their students. Getting factual information from trusted adults can positively affect their sexual health for the rest of their lives. Healthy attitudes and behaviors are learned early in life and can be reinforced throughout life in many ways by including sex education in school education.

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