Types of Lesson Planning

Types of Lesson Planning

  • Ayushi Singh
    Ayushi Singh

A good lesson plan is a valuable tool for teachers and instructors. It allows you to prepare in advance for any possibilities, problems, or disruptions that might arise during class. By planning your classes, you can determine which strategies and measures will have the greatest impact on your students. Through effective lesson planning, you may determine the learning objectives and learning outcomes. In short, By offering thorough guidance on every step of the process, from creating goals and objectives to evaluating performance, lesson planning enables you to carefully consider how to best assist your students in learning. In this article, we discuss what lesson planning is, different types of planning and why is it important. Let us look at each of them individually.

What is Lesson Planning?

Lesson planning is the process of planning the chapters, teaching strategies, activities, etc that are going to be covered in a particular classroom at a given point in time. Through lesson planning, teachers would determine the learning objectives of a particular lesson or subject.  Teachers prepare lesson plans on a regular basis, it could be once a week or once a month. When teachers plan the activities, assignments and assessment methodologies that are necessary for a unit/subject, it will improve the performance of students. A good lesson plan increases the likelihood that your students will both enjoy and learn from the lesson.

Constituents of a Lesson Plan

Learning Objective

Learning objectives discuss what the teacher is trying to teach and achieve through the lesson from their students. Every lesson plan ought to have a learning objective and the teachers should have it planned before the lesson.  Objectives should be achievable and realistic but challenging enough so students feel like they have achieved something significant.


While planning the lectures, teachers ought to have an idea about what are the activities they are going to include to improve the learning outcomes. Activities are things that students do during the class period. It include homework, assignments, projects, etc. that are relevant to the lesson that you are taking.  Projects/Assignments offers students more opportunities for hands-on learning experiences.

With Teachmint, you will be able to curate custom homework activities for your students. Here, you can create homework in a simple few steps. It also saves your precious time as you have access to 20 lakh pre-loaded questions. Hence, you can easily choose the questions that best suit your students’ learning requirements.

Teaching Strategies

You should include teaching strategies that are being used to introduce the learning concepts to the students in the lesson planning. Here, you mention the strategies that you are going to use to achieve the learning objectives. You may use a variety of strategies for reaching these goals:

You may need more than one method for achieving your goals. You ought to implement teaching strategies that cater to the learning needs of each and every student in your class. In this way, you will be able to improve the learning outcomes of your students.

Types of Lesson Planning

Unit Plan

Everything that will be discussed in class, including activities and discussions, is covered in the unit plan. The unit plan includes what you want students to understand at the conclusion of each session or unit. For a whole unit, you can prepare the lesson plan well in advance. It will be a time-consuming process as you are doing lesson planning for a whole unit. However, unit planning will ensure that you are well-prepared throughout the entire unit. Moreover, you will get time to check for understanding of students in that particular unit.

In addition to this, you will be able to ensure that you are not allocating more time than that is required to complete a certain lesson or a concept. In short, it allows you to make the maximum utilization of time and be productive to the core.  It is therefore one of the best strategies that would lead to positive outcomes.

Subject-Centred Plan

Depending on the subject, different teaching methods and lesson plans are used. Subject-centred plans can be used to prepare lessons in a number of contexts and are more flexible than unit plans. They offer specific information about what you plan to teach because they are more extensive than unit plans. Unit plans give a broad overview of the subject, but subject-centred plans go into further depth regarding the goals and tools for each class. Unlike unit plans, this would have a lot of information about the lectures or lessons.

Learner-Centred Plan

The needs of the students form the basis of learner-centered planning. The teacher ought to be aware of what the students are expected to learn. In this way, teachers will be able to plan in an efficient manner. They will be able to choose the right assessment methodologies that would ensure students’ success. Since this plan focuses on the students, teachers should carefully analyze the teaching strategies before implementing them in the classroom.

It should enable students to be actively involved in the learning process. They should have the opportunity to express their ideas, views and opinions. Hence, teachers can choose methodologies that allow active interaction between the students and teachers. There are a number of methods that are available for you to choose from. One of the effective methods of teaching is the project method of teaching.

Learn more about the project method of teaching through our blog: Project Method of Teaching

Grade Level Plan

Each grade of students have to be handled differently. Obviously, their learning abilities and competencies would be different from each other. Consequently, the lesson plan would also change. Based on the grade level, the assessment methodologies and teaching strategies vary. Hence, teachers would have to write a lesson plan that matches the grades they are teaching.

Since we have looked at the types of teaching planning, let us now examine why lesson plans are important.

Importance of Lesson Plans

Better Learning Outcomes

Lesson planning is a fundamental skill of teaching. You should be familiar with the topics you will be discussing in class and the methods you will use to teach them in order to perform your duties effectively. This is crucial because a solid lesson plan increases the likelihood that your students will benefit from and enjoy the class. Writing down what you have planned to do in class encourages you to carefully consider how to best support our students' learning.

When students are enjoying the learning process, the learning outcomes would be better. Moreover, it would spark an interest in students towards learning.

Organize the Learning Process

The development of lesson plans is crucial to education. They give teachers or instructors detailed plans that direct every step of the learning process, enabling them to be better prepared to assist their students in achieving their goals. Teachers may make sure every student learns the content they require to succeed in school and beyond by using lesson plans.

In addition to ensuring that your instruction is well-organized, effective, and efficient, lesson planning also enables flexible daily modifications as needed during learning times.

Lesson planning does not only save time but also reduces your stress as planning involves decision-making and organizing. The more you plan, the less you worry about teaching your lessons.

Make Classes Engaging

When you have a well-thought-out plan, you can be ready in advance for any unforeseen circumstances, issues, or disruptions. To ensure that your students are learning without being distracted by the environment, it is critical to establish an effective lesson plan. It is unlikely that your lessons will be successful if you don't have a backup plan in place, and lesson plans are the backup plans for you. So in order to make classes more interesting and enjoyable, you ought to make classes more interactive.

Through proper planning, teachers make proper lesson plans, and the teaching quality would improve. Hence, the concepts become more comprehensible for students and it will leave a long-lasting impact on them.

Improves Teaching Experience

Lessons will be more effective overall if you plan and consider them more before teaching. By giving you an overview of the activities for each week, planning helps you focus on what you want students to learn. Additionally, it assists you in considering the most effective ways to present your lessons so that other students or activities don't interfere with your ability to complete the content successfully.

As students progress, you will feel a sense of accomplishment. It will inspire you to refine your teaching techniques. As a result, both your teaching approach and your students' general performance will improve.


The main advantage of using lesson planning is that it helps teachers get better organized and reduces stress. It also gives them more control over their teaching process which is beneficial for students as well, who will know what to expect during lessons. In order to facilitate the process of preparing your lesson planning, you take the assistance of Teachmint’s school yearly calendar planner. It helps you to plan the whole academic year. When the calendar for the whole year is ready, you will be able to plan your lessons in the most effective way possible.

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