An Industrial Training Institute (ITI) is a government organization that provides industry-related information/courses to high school students.
It can be opted for after 8th, 10th and 12th Standards. An ITI provides training in technical and non-technical fields. These courses are extremely specific and teach important skills for any trade.
Who established ITI?
Industrial Training Institutes were established in 1950 by the Directorate General for Employment and Training (DGET). It is owned by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship of India.
In India, there are several ITIs, both government and private. They all provide vocational training to students.
What is the purpose behind this course?
An ITI course is usually pursued by students who want professional, technical training in a short period of time. These institutes are specifically designed for students who want to gain technical knowledge instead of higher education.
The main goal of this course is to provide technical manpower to the industrial sector of the country.
Aspirants have to appear for the All India Trade Test (AITT) and once the course is completed, a national trade certificate (NTC) is given to a student.
Types of courses under ITI
The courses are classified into two types, these are:
a. Engineering trades/courses
b. Non- engineering trades/courses
These courses include engineering-related subjects. It includes mathematics, physics and many more related subjects. Engineering courses are focused on science, math and technological concepts.
If you opt for this branch, then you will be able to study engineering later and will also get preference during admission.
These include the following courses:
1. Spinning technician
2. Radiology technician
3. Advanced machine tools
4. Radiology technician
5. Textile wet processing technician
6. Weaving technician
7. Vessel investigator
8. Architectural assistant
9. Computer hardware and network maintenance
10. Marine engine fitter.
These courses are focused on soft skills and are related to everyday life. It includes courses like management, maintenance and IT papers.
These include the following courses:
1. Driver cum mechanic
2. Floriculture and landscaping
4. Dress making
5. Sewing technology
6. Spa therapy and cosmetology
7. Finance executive
9. Marketing executive
10. Health sanitary inspector
Duration of the courses
The duration of the courses might range from 6 months to 2 years.
In other words, the duration depends upon the course.
Eligibility for the courses
a. Applicants must have passed 10th and 12th standards from a recognized board.
b. The applicant’s age must be between 14 and 40 years.
c. Should be a citizen of India.
d. Scored above 35% in high school
e. Scored above 40% in 12th from any recognized board
The process of admission to the best ITI courses varies from state to state. Some conduct entrance exams while others select applicants on the basis of merit lists.
The exam usually consists of 100 MCQs with a time period of three hours.
Often, an ITI conducts a written examination for the admission process.
Some private institutes allow direct admission that doesn't include any examinations.
Things you can do after ITI courses:
a. Apprenticeship Training Scheme
After completing ITI, students can go for apprenticeship training in different industrial sectors.
This scheme is implemented by the Directorate General of Training under the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship. The idea behind this training is that courses are not enough and one needs practical experience as well.
For working in an industrial sector, a person needs enough experience and practical knowledge to complete his/her task.
For students who take the AIIT exam, the training period is for a year. But, for freshers, this training period lasts three years. During the training, an apprentice is paid a stipend per month.
b. Lateral Entry to Polytechnic Diploma Engineering
Polytechnic courses, approved by the AICTE, can offer engineering courses for 3 years through an exam, which is different for different states.
When the candidates complete the course, they are given certificates in various fields. The candidates, who pass minimum 2-year ITI courses with the National Trade Certificate, are given an opportunity for a lateral entry to the second year of a polytechnic diploma course.
For this, an entrance exam called VOCLET is conducted every year.
Tuition fees for ITI courses
The fees for these courses in India vary from Rs 5000 per year to Rs 50000 per year. The fees depend upon the type of the institute.
Government institutes have lower fee structures than what private institutes mandate.
Average fees for government colleges are around Rs 5000 -7000 per year, and for private colleges, these vary from Rs 25000 to Rs 50000 per year.
Career opportunities after ITIs
a. Jobs in the Public Sector
The public sector is considered to be one of the biggest employers for ITI students.
Students can also get job opportunities in the Indian Army, Indian Navy, BSF, CRPF, and other paramilitary forces.
b. Jobs in the Private Sector
After completing the courses, students get a wide range of options in the private sector.
These companies require students who are skilled in various fields.
The private sector provides great opportunities for ITI students to pursue careers in their desired fields.
Along with industries, ITI students can also get jobs in other sectors like agriculture, energy construction and so on.
Electronics, welding refrigeration and air conditioner mechanics are considered to be lucrative fields.
c. Jobs in Foreign Countries
After completing the course, students can also get jobs in foreign countries.
Almost all the countries face a shortage of professionals or manpower with desired skills. They hire people who can fix or provide associate services.
Fitters are one of the most important examples in this sector. This kind of a technical field has great job opportunities overseas.
So, there are great opportunities for students, who want post-ITI careers in foreign countries.