It's critical to consider how and what students should study in and out of the classroom. Different active-learning strategies are used depending on whether students are studying alone or in groups. Alliance and student-centered teaching are fostered through active learning. Research has shown that active learning classes enhance the academic results of students.
Active learning does not happen simply by following a few fundamental orders. It takes place in the classroom. Here the tutor is keen to create a learning environment. The focus of active learning is clearly on the learner.
What is Active Learning?
Active learning is a student-centered method. Here the learner assumes responsibility for their learning. It is usually in teamwork with peers. Teachers in active learning are facilitators. They are more than one-way information suppliers. Class discussion and writing exercises take precedence over the presentation of information. It is frequently done through a direct lecture.
Role-playing, peer teaching, debates, Just-in-Time teaching, and brief demonstrations followed by class discussion are examples of active learning approaches. Let us take a look at some active learning strategies: -
Build a Safe Environment
An active classroom is one in which students feel secure. They are free to express their ideas. It does not matter how bizarre they may appear. You, the teacher, have effectively created a no-judgment zone.
The connection between kids is vital in this type of setting. Your students have a part in all roles, from how the classroom is set up/designed to group project ideas.
You will have fewer decisions to make as a teacher. Your pupils will feel like active members in their learning process.
Support an open discussion by having students share the role of the coach. They can ask their queries about a topic. Divide the class into pairs or small groups after addressing a topic of your choice.
Wait for students to come up with a few queries for debate with the rest of the class. Active learning helps scholars think critically about a lesson, text, or other pieces of information. You may give them "question stems.” It provides a basis for a query while still requiring them to complete the inquiry.
The 3-step interview is a helpful learning system. It helps students to improve active listening skills. They can improve by quizzing one another, taking notes, and sharing their ideas. Start by dividing scholars into groups, each having three scholars.
Assign three roles: interviewee, interviewer, and notetaker. Try to follow the three-step interview method. After assigning a theme or discussion subject, have students engage in a 5-minute interview. They can explain the vital facts they discovered about the theme topic. Students should switch roles after each interview. You may change the duration of the interview, depending on a variety of criteria. You may interview on any topic, such as a government employment interview with several GK questions or a technical internship interview with all technical words and definitions.
Identify the Sequence of Learning Events
Plan the learning events in the most efficient order. Try to achieve the learning objectives and results. Active learning does not have to take the place of old-style lecturing. For example, you might give a lecture for 10 minutes, then engage in an active learning activity. This should be done before returning to lecturing.
For example, you might lecture for one week and assign an active learning task for exercise. Change the topic of discussion of your class in the next week and do active learning drills. It can be done with students aware of the subject during class. The learning skills can be sequenced in many ways. You must carefully consider the design. Execution of these activities is a must to serve your scholars best.
The Muddiest Point Technique
In this approach, ask students to take notes on the part of a homework assignment. First, students take note of the most confusing topic. Scholars are then compelled to assess or rate their understanding. They write down what they understand least clearly. The activity inspires students to reflect on the lecture. Finally, they suggest ideas that require additional study.
The Devil's Advocate Approach
This method inspires one or more students to signify the opposite side of a topic. They talk about a significant issue. They can also talk about the point of view being addressed in class. Pick a topic suited for discussion. Try to debate once you have done the task or lesson plan. The subject should be proper for both parties to present their advice. This exercise is very flexible. It should be tuned to the level of your students.
Just divide the class into two parts. Then organize a debate on the chosen issue. You can also have students explain reading materials. They can react to claims with counter-arguments. Then, in a fake town hall meeting, have students debate on the proposed suggestions.
Rotating Chair Group Discussions
Students are inspired to listen to the speakers. They follow a pattern of directing the class discussion. They usually ask previous topics in rotating chair group debates. As they “rotate” tasks, students lead and inspire the class debate by picking the next speaker.
All students gain from attentive listening. All students are involved in careful listening as well. They are often writing down notes and their views. They know that they may be asked questions from the previous topic.
Students must actively participate in their studies. You should assess the success of active learning. You can check if it helped students grasp the material. You can also see if they achieved the learning purposes. Teachers have a substantial impact on students' situational interests. Tutors are involved in how they explain the course. They enhance each scholar's learning potential.
They have the aim of educating aware learners who pursue info. Active learning combines a range of plans to promise that kids learn more intelligently. Active learning will help students develop sufficient understanding and assure them to apply what they've learned to real-life situations.