 “When solving problems, dig at the roots, not at the leaves.”

Effective problem solving is one of the most important skills that is required to become a teacher. For this reason, almost all the teacher eligibility tests include logical reasoning questions and other similar questions to test the critical thinking and problem-solving abilities of the candidates.

Logical reasoning questions are easy to crack if you practice in prior. This will help to save time and effort. Though the logical reasoning questions differ from the question paper to the question paper, the crux or essence of it remains the same. Today, we will be looking at some logical reasoning questions with answers. We will also be taking a look at some of the tips that teachers can use to solve the logical reasoning questions.

Before we move on to look at some interesting logical reasoning questions, let us understand the different types of logical reasoning questions:

1.Puzzles

The question will present a puzzle. It can range from seating arrangements to roadblocks to floor plans. To solve such puzzles, one must think visually and draw an image with the information that is given to them.

2.Pattern Questions

These kinds of questions ask the candidates to find out the next number in the series of images and likewise.

3.Verbal questions

These are the ones that the candidate can solve without pen and paper. It might be related to words or conclusions to be made from statements that are provided. If A and B are right, would C follow. Usually, this is the pattern of such questions.

4.Questions Based on Images

Mirror images, vertical images, etc. would be provided and the question will be asked based on the images. This is a common logical reasoning question.

### Logical Reasoning Questions- Practice Test for Teachers

1.Who am I?

One of the most common logical reasoning questions is that of finding the relationship between two people. The relations are presented in a tangled way and it is up to the candidate to detangle the same. Let us take a look at one such question:

Pointing to a photograph, Ankit said, "I have no brother or sister but that man's father is my father's son." Whose photograph was it?

The answer is, it’s Ankit’s son. Since Ankit does not have any brothers or sisters, his father’s son would mean Ankit. To tackle such questions, teachers can create a quick flow chart or table so that it is easier to arrive at the solution.

2.The Floor Math

There is a seven-storied building. Sen friends, A, B, C, D, E, F, and G live in this building. The ground floor is no. 1, the floor above it is no.2, and so on. Here are a few details about them:

E does not live on an even-numbered floor. G does not live on the topmost floor. Only one person lives between E and G. A does not live on an even-numbered floor and does not live below F.D does not live immediately above or immediately below G. There two floors between D and E. Both B and C live on an even-numbered floor. G and C live in between the two floors. F lives on floor number 5.

Analyze the details given above and find out where ‘E’ lives.

Answer: E lives on the third floor. To arrive at the solution without much hassle, draw a diagram and mark the things that you are sure of. For instance, it is said that G is not on the topmost floor so you can strike off 7 from G and so on. When it comes to logical reasoning questions, the point is to take a deep breath and read the question thoroughly. The answer is most certainly in the question itself.

3.Find the missing number

Yet another commonly asked logical reasoning question is to find the missing number in the series. Here is a sample:

3, 12, 27, 48, 75, 108, ?

What is the next number? Now, there are multiple ways to look at this. When you practice and solve a lot of logical questions, you will get a hang of it. The pattern will change. However, it might be similar.

Let us take a look at this particular series. After 3 comes 12. That is 3*22. The next term is 27 which is 3*32 and so on. So, the final number would be 3*72. The answer is 147. Start from the most simple pattern that it might be and then move on to try tougher patterns.

4.Word Trouble

If you are asked to form only one meaningful English word using just the second, the fifth, the seventh, and the eighth letters of the word BRILLIANT( you are allowed to use each letter just once) the third letter of that word is your answer. If more than one such word can be formed, your answer is A. If no such word can be formed, your answer is B. Find the answer.

Answer: This is a tricky one. While the question might seem a little confusing, it is actually quite simple. All you have to do is, divide the question. The first thing that you need to do is to figure out the second, fifth, seventh, and eighth letters of the word. Once you do that, check whether you can form a word with the same. Here, the letters are RLAN. It is impossible to make a word with just these letters (while abiding by the conditions in the questions). So, the answer is No. You can’t form a meaningful word. The rest of the question is just there to confuse you. Towards the end of the question, it is said that if no such word can be formed, then the answer is B. Your answer here is B.

When you get questions like this, make a note of things that you know and then proceed.

5. Study both the figures and find out which image from B is apt to fill the question mark on image A.