As novelist Mark Twain put it, “It is noble to teach oneself but still nobler to teach others.” Teaching is one of the most noble professions in the world - the idea of imparting knowledge to young ones and molding them to become fine citizens has always been inspiring.
Several courses have been created by the authorities concerned to develop teaching capabilities. Special programs and colleges have been established specifically for the purpose of creating quality educationists or teachers who are well versed with their domains.
About Sarkari Exams
This term refers to the opportunities provided by different government channels to aspiring teachers. Government jobs, especially in India, are considered to be safer and more stable in comparison to private jobs. Sarkari exams are always a challenge and one has to prepare very thoroughly before taking them.
Prerequisites for Sarkari Exams
Before attempting to crack any sarkari exam for teaching roles in India, you need to fulfil certain eligibility criteria:
The first and foremost requirement is to get a graduate degree from a recognized university in India. Graduation can be pursued in any field.
Bachelor of Education (B.Ed)
This is the basic requirement for a teaching job in India. In other words, pursuing B.Ed or any other equivalent certification is necessary for applying to any government job.
Sarkari Exams for Teachers
Some of the prominent sarkari exams are as follows
CTET is one of the most notable, public-level tests directed by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). CTET represents the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) that occurs twice a year for the arrangement of educators for Classes 1 to 8. The tests get planned for two sessions for Paper-I and Paper-II. Paper 1 is intended for instructors for Classes 1-5 and Paper-II is for Classes 6-8 teaching aspirants.
- Candidates should have cleared 10+2 with a minimum of 45 percent aggregate marks.
- Candidates should pass graduation with a minimum of 45 percent aggregate marks for elementary school teaching.
- Candidates should finish the prescribed teacher training programs.
CSIR UGC NET (usually called CSIR NET) is a public-level test coordinated by the National Testing Agency (NTA). It is for the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and all about teaching in Indian colleges and schools. CSIR represents the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and the test is meant the faculty of Science & Technology only.
- Applicants should have a degree in BTech/BE/BPharma/MBBS/BS (4 years)/Integrated BS-MS/MSc with a minimum of 55 percent marks.
- The candidate should be 28 years of age.
Uttar Pradesh Teacher Eligibility Test (UPTET) is a state-level sarkari exam that takes place once in a year for the appointment of primary (Classes 1-5) and upper primary (Classes 6-8) level teachers in the schools of Uttar Pradesh. The test is led by the Uttar Pradesh Basic Education Board (UPBEB). The test consists of 2 papers where Paper 1 is intended for instructors of Classes 1-5 and Paper 2 is for those who intend to become teachers for Classes 6-8. These are offline tests.
- Candidates should have graduated in any domain.
- Candidates should be between 18 and 35 years old.
- Candidates should be citizens of India/Nepal/Bhutan/Tibet.
The Maharashtra State Eligibility Test (MH SET) exam is conducted by Savitribai Phule Pune University (UNIPUNE) for teachership in universities/colleges of Maharashtra and Goa. It is pivotal to note that exams are carried out in 32 subjects under the faculties of Arts, Commerce, Science, Management, Law, Social Sciences, Education and Physical Education.
- An applicant can apply for any of the subjects mentioned above. As the official website states, "...candidates who have already qualified in one subject will not be allowed to appear again for the same subject in SET.”
- A candidate should have a master's degree from a recognized university with at least 55 percent aggregate marks. For OBC/SBC/DT/NT categories, the minimum marks for post-graduation is 50 percent.
- There is no age bar in this exam and the applicant should have a postgraduate diploma/ certificate awarded by an Indian university or a foreign diploma/ degree/ certificate by a foreign university.
- Those candidates who are about to complete their post-graduation can also apply by submitting their provisional certificates.
Post Graduate Teacher Exam (PGT) takes place in almost every state in India for the recruitment of graduate teachers in state government schools. The syllabus basically includes questions from General Awareness, Current Affairs, General Science and Indian Constitution, Reasoning, Quantitative Aptitude and Teaching Aptitude.
- Since it happens in every state, eligibility criteria may vary. But, in all cases, one should be a graduate in any discipline with a B.Ed degree from a recognized university/institute/college. The minimum age for applying for this exam is 21 years and there is no upper limit.
We hope this clears all your doubts regarding sarkari exams and their requirements. Indeed, sarkari exams are the best choice for those who want to be teachers. Do apply, and good luck!