Education should promote ethics, morals, and principles that help a child in their life. Value Education is a concept which showcases how important it is to impart fundamentally good values in education to develop self-aware human beings. It can be defined as a set of fundamentally ethical values which can act as guidance in life. A student needs a good guiding hand to differentiate between right and wrong.
It is a set of principles that guide the behavior standard. Values are desirable and highly regarded. They fortify a person's character by occupying a central place in his life. It represents the individual's views, choices, decisions, judgments, relationships, dreams, and vision. Value Education is defined as learning about self and wisdom of life. The major aim of value education is to build the overall personality of a student. This will help increase the student’s intellect, which can help build a fundamentally strong and moral nation.
These values should inculcate pride towards the nation. Furthermore, it helps to become an abiding global citizen who empathizes with other humans and other beings.
Need of Value Education
There is a wide gap in values that should be ideally practiced vs. values that are used today.
Value Education's major goal is to instill moral and value-based teaching in schools and colleges and learn about intermediate students' attitudes about moral principles. This will make sure students develop a conscience to think independently and distinguish between right and wrong. Mahatma Gandhi was also of the opinion that education is the solution to all problems. Therefore, if teachers and mentors properly use technology and other resources, it is not difficult to impart value education to students.
Types of Value Education
Values can be classified into various types:
Innate values are values that a child has since birth. Values like love, compassion, empathy, mercy, and peace are values that a person learns innately. A child has these values in some form but develops them better, improving their emotional quotient. Parents need to practice the value of love and compassion with their children.
These are the values that we inherit from our culture, our place of birth, our mother tongue. These values help to keep our culture and traditions alive. Furthermore, these values keep us connected with our traditions which are very important in the modern world. Values like culture, customs, dress code, and habits come under this.
Besides this classification, the value of education can also be categorized in different values sets, which is useful in daily life.
Personal values are those that a person follows all through his life. It is a critical part of your personality and is something you carry with you always. Values like beauty, regularity, ambition, courage, vision, imagination are some personal values.
Social values are values that show the social aspects of your life. This includes the way you communicate and interact with people. For example, these values showcase your national pride when India does great, or any social mishap happens in the country. Some of the values that are categorized in social values are hospitality, bravery, service, justice, freedom, patience, forgiveness, co-ordination, sympathy, tolerance, and more.
Cultural values are values that we learn from our culture. Cultural values are concerned with what is right and wrong, what is good and evil, and customs and behavior. Language, ethics, social hierarchy, aesthetics, education, law, economics, philosophy, and various social institutions are cultural values. These values make us connected to the rich heritage of our parents as well as the nation.
Political values are ideological values for any specific political party or path to governing a country. These values define how a person views a political situation and reacts to it. Furthermore, the values can either be right or left-leaning or can be centrist. Despite any leanings, these values show how a person thinks in a certain way to govern a country through welfare schemes, civic responsibility, and future vision.
Religious or Spiritual Values are the spiritual values and give the essence of how a person views the world and shows its beliefs. Spiritual value is the greatest moral value. Purity, meditation, yoga, discipline, control, clarity, and devotion to God are examples of spiritual virtues. It emphasizes self-discipline concepts. Satisfaction with self-discipline, lack of needs, general greed, and freedom from the seriousness
Values a child must learn.
While it is necessary to learn all the ethical and moral values, Some values are important for students to learn before facing the world. These values give students an excellent ethical base to make the right decisions when required.
Values such as empathy and honesty are essential for a child to learn at an early day in his life to grow up being a responsible human being. Likewise, values like curiosity and ambition can help a student grow in their life. Compassion, love, forgiveness are values that should also be practiced to become better human beings.
Human Civilization has made significant progress over the years, and value education has taught us that its preservation is our responsibility. It is critical for developing the character of future citizens, teaching them excellent values, assisting them in choosing the proper route, and instilling moral value in students. It also assists kids in following their interests and discovering solutions to the extreme laws of the universe; it aids in the preservation of a healthy existence on all levels, socially, economically, and cognitively; and it aids in the cumulative ability of children by growing their talents.