Education is often considered to be a very crucial factor in the economic and social development of any country. India, since the time of independence, has always focused on working towards the literacy rate in our country. Even today, the government undertakes many programs that promote primary and higher education in India.
The Education Process in India
The education process can be defined as the process of teaching, learning, and training of human capital in schools and colleges. This increases the knowledge and ultimately results in skill development thereby enhancing the quality of human capital.
The Indian government has always valued the importance of education, and this is reflected in our economic policies.
National Education Policy
India successfully completed one year of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 on July 29. This policy was revised almost after 34 years to meet the diversified needs of Indian as well as international education standards.
A lot has changed in one year. The curriculum has also been tweaked in the schools to include new subjects such as financial literacy and artificial intelligence. However, the mother tongue or regional language has been introduced as the medium of instruction in schools and colleges on a pilot basis. This also applies to engineering Microsoft to help class 6th to class 8th students with coding-related modules for their 2021-22 academic year. As we all know, early age skilling is being launched from the sixth grade, subjects like data science must be made a regular part of the curriculum. Initially, these subjects will be taught with the help of part-time guest teachers but as the numbers pick up, full-time staff will be appointed.
According to a UNICEF report, India’s education system is one of the largest in the world, with more than 1.5 million schools, 8.5 million teachers, and approximately 250 million children from varying socio-economic backgrounds.
The primary objective of NEP was to reduce undue pressure on class 10 and class 12 board examinations. Consequently, board exams regulated by the Central Board of Senior Education (CBSE) will have a higher number of multiple-choice and analytical questions from 2022. With holistic education as one of the primary goals of NEP 2020, multidisciplinary streams have been initiated across various institutes. This means that engineering colleges will offer not only technical courses but also commerce and humanities subjects.
As a part of the development of education in India, the education ministry has also asked the higher educational institutes to offer a wide array of courses across various streams in order to have a diverse student population. IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Roorkee, IIT Chennai are among many such institutes that offer courses beyond traditional engineering.
In schools as well, subjects such as financial literacy, data science, and artificial intelligence will be offered to students on an optional basis.
Future Growth Prospects
The Indian government considers education as a critical area where drastic growth and development are urgently required. So, various future prospects have been considered, and policies are drafted. The goal is to ensure that education in India is of the highest quality and available to the entire population without any discrimination.
Education in India is being redefined. Schools and educational institutes are moving to a hybrid format and it looks like online education is here to stay. This can be attributed to the growth of brilliant online teaching platforms.
With digital education, schools and colleges have literally come to where you are. No matter where the teacher or the student is, online teaching apps and platforms help them to stay connected. Not to mention the convenience and comfort that digital education provides. E-learning resources, study materials, and likewise are major advantages of digital education.