Paper planes gliding through the air across the classroom, students sprinting from one desk to the next, deafening clamor and hooting all around. You can't say anything because they're shouting over you. It is important to tackle classroom management because poor management will affect the quality of learning. Classes have now moved online but
Unfortunately, according to a 2006 study, the majority of teachers had troubles with classroom management. Considering the unfavorable circumstances, there are simple solutions that you may adopt on your own.
These strategies help improve prosocial student conduct and academic engagement while also creating a calm environment.
Principle of Classroom Management methods
The following are various principles of classroom management methods:
1. Set an example
Make it a practice to model the conduct you wish to see, since several studies have shown that modeling teaches pupils how to behave in various scenarios.
Holding a pretend dialogue with an administrator, another instructor, or a student aide in front of the class is a simple method to practice specific behaviors. If you're discussing an exam or any relevant topic, be sure to:
- use courteous wording,
- keep your gaze fixed on students,
- keep phones in your pockets,
- allow each other to talk, and
- politely express your reservations about one another's statements.
Take a class debate after that to identify and build on the desirable characteristics you demonstrated; this is one of the best practices to keep good classroom management.
2. Allow students to assist in the creation of guidelines
Encourage all students to take part in the creation of classroom rules, as this will result in greater number of buy-ins than reminding them what they are not permitted to do.
Begin a conversation around the beginning of the year or semester by teaching-related questions.
When are cellphones acceptable and when are they not acceptable? What is the largest amount of noise that may be tolerated during a lecture? This may appear to be setting yourself up for a fall, but based on the nature of your classroom, you may be surprised by the rigor with which certain proposed rules are enforced. Regardless, having a conversation should result in expectations that are recognized and accepted.
3. Write out the regulations
Don't allow your agreed-upon guidelines to fall by the wayside. Print and circulate the list of rules that arose from the class discussion in the same way that you would a syllabus.
Then, with your pupils, go over the list. This demonstrates that you value their viewpoints and plan to follow them. It will also be simple for you to refer to this paper if a student breaches a rule. If you're feeling very inventive, you might include the rule list in a student handbook that also contains key dates, events, and curricular information.
4. Do not penalize the class
Instead of penalizing the whole class, address specific behavior concerns, since the former might harm your relationships with on-task kids and endanger other classroom discipline initiatives.
Instead, in a pleasant manner, call out specific pupils. For example, instead of saying, "Stop chatting and upsetting other kids," say, "Do you have a query?"
“Do you need some help focusing?” rather than “Pay attention and quit fidgeting while I talk.”
This simple technique will allow you to maintain a pleasant demeanor while addressing undesirable conduct.
5. Promote initiative
Encourage students to work ahead and make brief presentations to discuss take-away ideas, to promote a development attitude and add diversity to your lectures.
You'll almost always have some enthusiastic students in your course. Ask them if they'd want to get ahead now and again. If you're reading a certain chapter in a textbook, suggest that they read the next one as well. You could find that other students desire a little more effort when they deliver their future presentations to explore the next chapter on your behalf.
6. Give compliments
According to a recently published research review and study, rewarding pupils for good work enhances their academic and behavioral performances. When given with sincerity and concrete instances of effort or achievement, praises can:
- motivate students,
- boost a student's self-confidence, and
- make sure the rules and ideas you wish to see are reinforced.
This encourages kids to continue to behave in a positive manner. Consider a pupil who, when faced with an arithmetic word problem, shows outstanding problem-solving abilities. Praising his or her employment of certain methods should go a long way toward assuring that he or she keeps using them.
Not to mention, you'll inspire other kids to follow your lead.
7. Incorporate nonverbal communication into your strategy
To optimize content delivery and help children focus and digest courses, combine words with activities and visual aids. These communication modalities are at the heart of many differentiated education tactics and methodologies. For example, you may provide a variety of non-spoken material kinds by using learning stations, which are separated areas of your class via which students cycle. Videos, infographics, and tangible items such as counting coins are examples of this.
8. Host Gatherings
Throw a school celebration now and again to recognize pupils' great work and encourage them to keep it up.
Although if it's only for 20 or 30 minutes, refreshments and a variety of group activities should keep them entertained. Make it clear that parties are being held to reward them, so that they may earn future parties by exhibiting excellent conduct, scoring well on evaluations, and so on.
9. Provide tangible incentives
As another motivating and behavior-reinforcement strategy, reward particular pupils in front of the other students at the end of the class. Let's pretend that a few students are paying attention throughout the class, answering questions, and posing their own queries.
Walk over to their seats before the class finishes and offer them lottery tickets. Declare aloud what each kid did to get the tickets so that others might learn. They may turn in their tokens on Friday for a chance to win a prize that varies each week, ranging from sweets to the ability to select a game for another class party.
10. Make pleasant phone calls and mails
Keep students pleased both in and out of class by surprising them, making nice phone calls, and sending them complimentary letters. Notifying parents when the opportunity arises, whether it is due to academic work or behavioral success, has a trickle-down impact.